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Key Points for Disqualification

Starts

  • Any swimmer starting before the starting signal shall be disqualified

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General & Relays

  • A swimmer, swimming the course alone shall cover the whole distance to qualify
  • A swimmer must remain and finish in the same lane as started
  • A swimmer when turning shall make contact with the end wall of the pool
  • Swimmer took a stride or step from the bottom of the pool
  • Swimmer pulled on the lane rope
  • Any kind of tape on the body is not permitted – unless approved by the FINA Sport Medicine Committee (Technical Director at SNZ events) 
  • Use of power bands or adhesive substances not permitted
  • Entered the water during a race not entered in
  • Feet not in touch with starting platform before preceding team member touched the wall
  • Team member/s entered the water prior to all teams finishing
  • Swam more than once in their relay team
  • Swimmers in relay did not swim in order listed
  • Failed to leave the pool at the end of their leg in a relay
  • Device or plan used for pace-making

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Butterfly

  • Body not on the breast (except when executing a turn)
  • Body not on the breast when leaving the wall after the turn
  • Arms not brought forward simultaneously over the water
  • Arms not brought backward simultaneously under the water
  • Movements of the feet not simultaneous
  • Alternating movement of the legs or feet
  • Swimmer used breaststroke kick
  • Touch at finish or turn with one hand, or touch not simultaneous, or hands not separated
  • Swimmer’s head did not surface at or before 15m mark following the start or turn 
  • Swimmer totally submerged (except in first 15m after start & turn)
  • More than one arm pull under water (following start or turn)

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Backstroke

  • Toes of both feet not in contact with wall or touchpad when Backstroke start ledge used. Bending toes over the touchpad is prohibited
  • Swimmer left position on the back other than to execute a turn
  • Swimmer’s head did not break the surface at or before 15m mark following the start or turn
  • Swimmer totally submerged (except in first 15m after start & turn)
  • Swimmer did not start executing the turn immediately after turning onto the breast 
  • Non-simultaneous double arm pull was used to initiate the turn after turning onto the breast 
  • Swimmer did not touch the wall at the turn
  • Swimmer did not leave the wall on the back after the turn
  • Swimmer did not finish race while on the back

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Breastroke

  • Butterfly kick not before first breaststroke kick
  • Head did not break the surface before arms reached widest point in second stroke after start or turn
  • Body not on the breast (except when executing a turn)
  • Stroke cycle not 1 arm stroke to 1 leg kick
  • Arm movements not simultaneous
  • Arm movements not in the same horizontal plane
  • Hands not pushed together from the breast
  • Hands brought back beyond the hip line (after the 1st stroke following the start and turn) 
  • Elbows over the water except for last stroke before turn, during the turn or the final stroke at the finish 
  • Leg movements not simultaneous (or alternating movement)
  • Leg movements not on the same horizontal plane
  • Feet not turned out in the propulsive part of the kick
  • Executed a downward butterfly kick (except after the start and after the turn as in SW 7.1)
  • Touch at the finish or turn with one hand, or touch not simultaneous, or hands not separated

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Freestyle

  • Form style swum in Freestyle leg of medley
  • Swimmer did not touch the wall at the turn / finish
  • Swimmer’s head did not surface before 15m mark following the start or turn
  • Swimmer totally submerged (except for first 15m at start & turn)
  • Swimmer took a stride or step from the bottom of the pool

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Medley

  • Incorrect IM stroke order (correct: fly, back, breast, free -1/4 each)
  • Swimmer was not on the breast before the first kick/stroke of the start of the freestyle leg
  • Incorrect medley relay order (correct: back, breast, fly, free)
  • One quarter (1/4) of the distance not covered in ______stroke of the medley
  • Finish of each stroke not in accordance with rules for the particular stroke